Most people around the world have worried about the Korean Peninsula as well as Korean nations because of world peace. Over time, there still remains many conflicts. There was a summit between North and South Korea after 11 years. The peace of the peninsula is one of the biggest events not only for peace of world but also for Korean history. Although the nations thought only the unification can be the answer, nowadays, their opinions are divided.
On April 27, there was an inter-Korea summit that ended well. In addition, another summit is planned for this fall. All nations, and of course Korean people, are focused on the denuclearization of and peace on the Korean Peninsula. There are three positive aspects of unification: national development, international society, and ethnographics.
First, a unified Korea will show great benefits in perspective of national development. Korea’s economic bloc can expand across China and Siberia into Eurasia, and it will come to dominate as a major distribution center in Northeast Asia. If North Korea’s abundant underground resources and cheap labor are combined with South Korean’s capital and technology, it will join the ranks of highly industrialized countries in the future through rapid economic development.
Second, unification will significantly affect the international community through not only peace, but also balance of power. By eliminating the danger of war on the Korean Peninsula, unification will contribute to establishing peace in neighboring countries, and even the world. A unified Korea can be a central country that can lead the power balance between neighboring countries, contributing to regional peace, and forming peaceful cooperation systems. It will be a model for political development in the international community.
Finally, North and South Korea are the ethnological aspects of one nation. It is necessary to restore historical legitimacy and national homogeneity. In the Unification Ministry’s Unification Education Institute’s “Understanding of the Unification Problem”, unification should be realized to correct the history of the divided nation, to form the national community, and to develop national culture. Unification can reestablish and develop the national culture to maximize the capabilities of the people.
In conclusion, the Republic of Korea is on the threshold of being a developed country as it has achieved political and economic development despite the state of division. From now on, any limitations must be overcome for reunification. A unified Korea may face economic confusion or stagnation in the short term, but it will join the ranks of developed countries through gradual economic growth in the long view. Unification will make it possible to take a leap forward as the major economic power and model of democracy.
●Opinion from a reader
(Roh Seung-han, Department of International Relations)
I also think we should unify. If South and North Korea are to unify, they would show synergy as much as advanced countries. I particularly agree that Korea’s economic bloc could expand into Eurasia as this reporter says in the second paragraph. Because we will be able to move goods conveniently by rail to Europe. From my perspective, economic chaos will come for years after reunification, but it will bring us great economic growth in the future
By Park Jeong-in
KMG Cub Reporter
Of course, peace on the Korean Peninsula is important. Unification might be one of the things we have to do for our sad history, but there are many things Koreans will have to handle for it. There are lots of people who want unification due to our long histories on the peninsula; however, there are many people who don’t want unification for some good reasons. As I oppose the unification of the Korean Peninsula, here are the opposing opinions.
First, on the Korean Peninsula, the cessation of war is enough to gain peace. We can just have peace without unification. Without unity, if North Korea completes denuclearization, the two Koreas can live in peace. In addition, we should recognize North Korea is a foreign country like China or Japan. Then, we can travel to the North as people do to other countries, so we don’t need to worry about losing old history or the sadness of separated families. Through travel, Koreans can visit and experience historic sites and meet separated family members again without worrying about saying goodbye forever.
Second, reunification might make bigger conflicts between the people of the North and South. Despite having the same history for over 20 centuries before the war, nations have already lived apart for a long time under different ideologies, lifestyles and even languages. Moreover, there are young students who don’t feel sad about a divided Korea. Some people even feel anger about the other side because of differences and past provocations. After unity, South Koreans who have relatively enough wealth unlike North Koreans will have to pay more tax to help the North Koreans. In that case, South Koreans might feel resentment towards North Koreans and think of them as a tax burden. This will only cause bigger conflicts between us.
Too much is as bad as too little. Surely, there are some merits to unification, but we must discuss the matter reasonably. Although both Koreas share long histories on the same peninsula, it might be too late to embrace unification. Each nation already has a different lifestyle. However, I don’t mean we should give up the hope for peace on the Korean Peninsula. I just believe we can find a better way than unification to get peace.
●Opinion from a reader
(Son Yoo-jin, Major in English language and literature)
I don’t agree about the unification of Korea. While I know some reasons why we should unify, I don’t want the government use my taxes to help people who used to be foreigners, even attacked my country. I understand it is not fault of all North Korean people. However, even though I spend much money because of taxes, we still lack better lives. I hope contemporary society is made better with my taxes.
By Seo Yu-jeong